Zoonosis to watch:
A zoonosis (zoh-oh-NOH-sis) is an infectious disease that people can catch from
animals. Regular veterinary visits, deworming protocols, and good hygiene can help prevent them.
Short [6- to 12-mm], thick worms that are whitish to reddish brown with
a hooked front end.
Puppies & kittens: Anemia and pale mucous membranes, failure to gain weight, poor hair coat,
dehydration, and dark and tarry diarrhea
Adult dogs & cats: Usually few signs; often source of infection for puppies; can cause severe anemia,
diarrhea, and weight loss in extreme cases
People: Red, itchy, serpentine lesions on the skin
How it’s transmitted
Puppies & kittens: Crossing the placenta and through the mother’s milk
Dogs, cats & people: Ingesting them in feces and from the worms penetrating the skin
(often from infected soil)
People most at risk
Farmers, gardeners, landscapers, sunbathers lying on sand, plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and
children playing in potentially contaminated areas
How to prevent it
• Promptly remove animal feces from the yard.
• Cover children’s sandboxes when not in use.
• Wear shoes and gloves while gardening.
• Wash hands thoroughly after playing outside or exposure to soil (especially dirt under the fingernails).
• Deworm puppies and kittens every two weeks until they can receive a monthly preventive
and control product.
• To help prevent ingestion of infected animals or feces, keep dogs on leashes or in fenced yards
and keep cats indoors.
• Monitor children playing outside in sandboxes and parks
Source: Julie Legred, CVT